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TRI: Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Codes

20 Food and kindred products
Manufacture or processing of foods and beverages for human consumption, and related products, such as manufactured ice, chewing gum, vegetable and animal fats and oils, and prepared feeds for animals and fowls.

21 Tobacco products
Manufacture of cigarettes, cigars, smoking and chewing tobacco, snuff, and reconstituted tobacco. Stemming and redrying of tobacco. Manufacture of non-tobacco cigarettes.

22 Textile mill products
Preparation of fiber and subsequent manufacture of yarn, thread, braids, twine, and cordage. Manufacture of broad woven fabrics, narrow woven fabrics, knit fabrics, and carpets and rugs from yarn. Dyeing and finishing of fiber, yarn, fabrics, and knit apparel. Coating, waterproofing or otherwise treating fabrics. Integrated manufacture of knit apparel and other finished articles from yarn. Manufacture of felt goods, lace goods, nonwoven fabrics, and miscellaneous textiles.

23 Apparel and other finished products made from fabrics and similar materials
Production of clothing. Fabrication of products by cutting and sewing purchased woven or knit textile fabrics and related materials, such as leather, rubberized fabrics, plastics, and furs. Manufacture of clothing by cutting and joining (e.g., by adhesives) material such as paper and nonwoven textiles.

24 Lumber and wood products, except furniture
Cutting timber and pulpwood. Also, merchant sawmills, lath mills, shingle mills, cooperage stock mills, planing mills, and plywood mills and veneer mills engaged in producing lumber and wood basic materials. Manufacture of finished articles made entirely or mainly of wood or related materials.

25 Furniture and fixtures
Manufacture of household, office, public building, and restaurant furniture, and office and store fixtures.

26 Paper and allied products
Manufacture of pulps from wood and other cellulose fibers and from rags. Manufacture of paper and paperboard. Manufacture of paper and paperboard into converted products, such as paper coated off the paper machine, paper bags, paper boxes, and envelopes. Manufacture of bags from plastics film and sheet.

27 Printing, publishing, and allied industries
Printing by one or more common processes, such as letterpress, lithography (including offset), gravure, or screen. Bookbinding, plate making, and other services performed for the printing trade. Publishing newspapers, books, and periodicals (whether or not the establishment also prints them).

28 Chemicals and allied products
Production of basic chemicals. Manufacture of products by predominantly chemical processes. (Three general classes of products: 1) basic chemicals, such as acids, alkalis, salts, and organic chemicals; 2) chemical products to be used in further manufacture, such as synthetic fibers, plastics materials, dry colors, and pigments; 3) finished chemical products to be used for ultimate consumption, such as drugs, cosmetics, and soaps, or to be used as materials or supplies in other industries, such as paints, fertilizers, and explosives.)

29 Petroleum refining and related industries
Production of gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, and lubricants, through fractionation or straight distillation of crude oil, redistillation of unfinished petroleum derivatives, cracking, or other processes. (Establishments also produce aliphatic and aromatic chemicals as byproducts.)

30 Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
Manufacture of products, not elsewhere classified, from plastics resins and from natural, synthetic, or reclaimed rubber, gutta percha, balata, or gutta siak. Includes manufacture of tires.

31 Leather and leather products
Tanning, currying, and finishing hides and skins. Converting leather. Manufacture of finished leather and artificial leather products and some similar products made of other materials.

32 Stone, clay, glass, and concrete products
Manufacture of flat glass and other glass products, cement, structural clay products, pottery, concrete and gypsum products, cut stone, abrasive and asbestos products, and other products from materials taken principally from the earth in the form of stone, clay, and sand. (May include mining and quarrying activities operated by manufacturing establishments in this group.)

33 Primary metal industries
Smelting and refining ferrous and nonferrous metals from ore, pig, or scrap. Rolling, drawing, and alloying metals. Manufacture of castings and other basic metal products. Manufacture of nails, spikes, and insulated wire and cable. Includes production of coke.

34 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and transportation equipment
Fabrication of ferrous and nonferrous metal products, such as metal cans, tinware, hand tools, cutlery, general hardware, non-electric heating apparatus, fabricated structural metal products, metal forgings, metal stampings, ordnance (except vehicles and guided missiles), and a variety of metal and wire products, not elsewhere classified.

35 Industrial and commercial machinery and computer equipment
Manufacture of industrial and commercial machinery and equipment and computers. Manufacture of engines and turbines; farm and garden machinery; construction, mining, and oil field machinery; elevators and conveying equipment; hoists, cranes, monorails, and industrial trucks and tractors; metalworking machinery; special industry machinery; general industrial machinery; computer and peripheral equipment and office machinery; and refrigeration and service industry machinery.

36 Electronic and other electrical equipment and components, except computer equipment
Manufacture of machinery, apparatus, and supplies for the generation, storage, transmission, transformation, and utilization of electrical energy. Manufacture of electricity distribution equipment, electrical industrial apparatus, household appliances, electrical lighting and wiring equipment, radio and television receiving equipment, communications equipment, electronic components and accessories, and other electrical equipment and supplies.

37 Transportation equipment
Manufacture of equipment for transportation of passengers and cargo by land, air, and water. Includes motor vehicles, aircraft, guided missiles, and space vehicles, ships, boats, railroad equipment, and miscellaneous transportation equipment, such as motorcycles, bicycles, and snowmobiles.

38 Measuring, analyzing, and controlling instruments, photographic, medical, and optical goods; watches and clocks.
Manufacture of instruments (including professional and scientific) for measuring, testing, analyzing, and controlling, and their associated sensors and accessories; optical instruments and lenses; surveying and drafting instruments; hydrological, hydrographic, meteorological, and geophysical equipment; search, detection, navigation, and guidance systems and equipment; surgical, medical, and dental instruments, equipment, and supplies; ophthalmic goods; photographic equipment and supplies; and watches and clocks.

39 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
Manufacture of products not classified in any other major manufacturing group. Includes jewelry, silverware, and plated ware; musical instruments; dolls, toys, games, and sporting athletic goods; pens, pencils, and artists' materials; buttons, costume novelties, and miscellaneous notions; brooms and brushes; caskets; and other miscellaneous products.

An Explanation of SIC Codes and TRI

SIC codes are the Standard Industrial Classification codes used throughout the federal government to classify economic activity by industry. Facilities in the manufacturing sectors, that is, SIC codes 20 through 39, are required to report to TRI. (As explained in Chapter 1, additional industries will begin reporting with the 1998 reporting year.) Box 4-1 lists the two-digit SIC codes in manufacturing and the primary activities of the industry sectors they designate.

On TRI Form Rs and Form A certification statements, facilities report the four-digit SIC codes that define their operations. A facility might report, for example, SIC code 2873, nitrogenous fertilizers. These industries are grouped into broader categories at the three-digit and two-digit SIC code levels. For example, nitrogenous fertilizers falls into the agricultural chemicals group at the three-digit level (SIC code 287) and the chemicals and allied products major group (SIC code 28). Tables in this chapter present data aggregated at the two-digit level.

Multiple SIC Codes: TRI facilities may report up to six four-digit SIC codes that describe their operations. They submit one Form R or Form A certification statement for each chemical they are reporting. If all the processes or operations that are associated with a facility's releases or other waste management of a TRI chemical can be described by one SIC code, then only one SIC code is reported on the form. If several economic activities, designated by different SIC codes, describe the specific operations at a facility that are associated with releases or other waste management of a TRI chemical, then the facility will report those SIC codes (up to six) on the form it submits for that chemical. Industrial facilities often conduct inter-related operations. They may, for example, manufacture distinct products using common or related feedstocks. Such products may be classified in similar but separate categories in the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. Thus, many forms submitted to TRI contain more than one industrial classification. When TRI data are analyzed by industry-that is, by SIC code-forms that report more than one SIC code must be categorized separately because they do not fall into the individual industry groups. The "multiple-codes" category represents forms that report in more than one two-digit SIC code. For example, a facility may refine petroleum (SIC code 29) and then use that feedstock in the manufacture of chemicals (SIC code 28); it will report SIC codes in both of these industries on its TRI forms (such as SIC codes 2911, petroleum refining, and 2869, industrial organic chemicals). On forms with more than one SIC code, any SIC code that is not within manufacturing (that is, not within the SIC code range 20 to 39) is ignored when assigning a form to an industry category. For example, a form with the SIC code 2642 (manufacture of envelopes) and SIC code 5112 (wholesale trade - stationery and office supplies) would be included in SIC code 26.

Federal Facilities: Federal facilities report the SIC codes that describe their activity; these may or may not fall within the manufacturing categories, SIC codes 20 to 39, that have reported to TRI since its inception. (As explained in Chapter 1, additional industries will begin reporting with the 1998 reporting year.) Tables in this chapter incorporate amounts submitted by federal facilities in the SIC codes they reported, just as is done for private sector facilities. In each table, a separate summary of federal facilities' data is presented as well, following the totals.

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Last modified: 15 May 2000

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