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Water Fluoridation in Pennsylvania

Forced-Fluoridation Legislation in PA

10 Reasons to Oppose Mandatory Fluoridation

Just Say No to Toxic Waste in your Water / Say Yes to the Safe Water Bill

New: "Drugs in the Water" Testimony before Philadelphia City Council

Water Fluoridation Chemical Shortages and Rising Costs

Sign the Online Petition to End Fluoridation and call for a Congressional Hearing

Read the National Academy of Sciences report "Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards" (March 2006) in brief and in full

Click Here to Learn Whether Your Water is Fluoridated Is Your Drinking Water Fluoridated?
(click here or on the glass to check your water's fluoridation status)
Excellent book!

See 30 min video interview
with the author
Shaler, PA votes down Fluoridation (2003)
York Targeted Yet Again (2003)
Erie Fluoridation Fight Lost (2001-2003)
Allentown Fluoridation Fight Lost (2000)
Fluoridation in Philadelphia & Aqua PA (Philly Suburbs)
First Fluoridation in Pennsylvania (1950s)

Fluoride-Related Pennsylvania Laws & Court Cases
Fluoride-Related Court Decisions Throughout the U.S.

Fluoridated Chemicals:
Water Fluoridation Chemical Shortages and Rising Costs
Water Fluoridation Chemical Accidents, Chemical Information,
Industrial Accidents, Industrial Fluoride Emissions, Air Products, Cabot

If there is information that you cannot find on this website, check out the Fluoride Action Network.

What is fluoride?

Fluoride acids are among the most corrosive chemicals known. The fluoridation chemicals used in public water supplies are waste products of the phosphate fertilizer industry. If the industry wasn't permitted to dump this waste product into our drinking water, they'd have to dispose of it as hazardous waste.

In some places (like Philadelphia), Zinc Orthophosphate (which is "slightly toxic" if ingested) is added to the water to counteract the corrosive effects of the fluoride.

Fluorides are considered poisons in Pennsylvania law. Fluoride exposure has been linked to many health problems, including hip fractures, neurological damage, ADD/ADHD, lead poisoning, Alzheimer's Disease, birth defects, skeletal fluorosis, dental fluorosis, early onset of puberty, immune system suppression, bone cancer and other rare forms of cancer.

There have been several attempts in recent years to fluoridate specific communities in Pennsylvania (where 54% of the public is already mass medicated with fluoridated drinking water). After 40 years of local opposition, Allentown was fluoridated in November 2000. In the past several years, Elwood City, Scranton, and Erie have been targeted for fluoridation and there has been talk about fluoridating the Aqua PA (formerly Philadelphia Suburban Water) system. During the 1990's fluoridation was stopped in Yardley (Bucks County) and York. In 2003, Shaler, PA (Allegheny County), voted down fluoridation. York has also been targeted continually.

There have been ongoing attempts to force the entire state to add fluoride to the drinking water. In 1973, an attempt to use the courts to require state-wide fluoridation was stricken down. Bills to make fluoridation mandatory in the entire state have been defeated several times in the past decade. Due to the efforts of concerned Pennsylvanians, the Fluoridation Act was blocked in the 1999-2000 legislative session and again in the 2001-2002 legislative session. In these last two sessions, we have managed to keep the bills stuck in committee while building support for alternative legislation known as the "Fluoridation Choice Act," which would give communities the right to remove fluoride from their drinking water if they so choose.

Pennsylvania is the only state in the nation where it has been considered illegal to remove fluoride from a community's drinking water supply once such fluoridation is started. The courts have called the state's fluoridation policy "arbitrary" but they allow it to continue, forcing communities like Lebanon, PA to continue fluoridation even when they want to stop (after having a tank of fluoride split and pollute their community). This precedent may have been overturned with the state's new policy (finalized March 13, 2004) which creates a permitting process for "Proposals to Add or Remove Fluoridation Treatment by a Community Water System." This has yet to be tested in the courts.

We are opposed to any mandatory fluoridation bill in Pennsylvania and we oppose any further movement to fluoridate the drinking water of communities in the state. We support the right to remove fluorides from the drinking waters of the Commonwealth.

To find out whether your drinking water is fluoridated, click here.

Inform your community about fluoridation!

Download the Water Fluoride Brochure

Guide: How to Stop Water Fluoridation in Your Community

What is wrong with this picture?
A comparison between the toxicity and maximum
contaminant levels of lead, fluoride and arsenic

Relative ToxicityMaximum Contaminant Levels
Fluoride is more toxic than lead and less toxic than arsenicLegal limits in drinking water: Lead - 15 ppb; Arsenic - 50 ppb; Fluoride - 4000 ppb
Based on LD50 data from Robert E.
Gosselin et al, Clinical Toxicology of
Commercial Products
5th ed., 1984
Standards established by the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

[Note: The arsenic standard was lowered to 10 ppb in 2001 and the EPA's fluoride standard needs to be lowered in response to the National Research Council's report that their current standard isn't safe.]

Fluoride Overview

National Academy of Sciences Report

"Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards," Committee on Fluoride in Drinking Water, National Research Council, March 2006. Download (WARNING: large 4.5 MB file; 450 pages)

NAS press release: "EPA Standard for Fluoride in Drinking Water Is Not Protective; Tooth Enamel Loss, Bone Fractures of Concern at High Levels"

Summary of Report - Fluoride in Drinking Water

Relevance of the NRC report to fluoridation

Many good resources on the report

EPA Professionals Union Opposition to Fluoride

EPA Headquarters Professionals Union stance opposed to fluoridation

11 EPA Unions Call for National Moratorium on Fluoridation due to Bone Cancer Findings (Aug 2005)

EPA Unions letter to Congress asking for moratorium on water fluoridation

Fluoride Health Effects

Fluoride's (In)Effectiveness

Income, not Fluoridation Status Determines Dental Health (data from CDC & DHHS compiled by Bill Osmunson)

New Studies: Fluoride Not Preventing Tooth Decay [Regarding American Association for Dental Research 2006 annual meeting]

Tooth Decay Trends in Fluoridated vs. Unfluoridated Countries

In PA, the worst teenage tooth decay is in Pittsburgh, a city fluoridated since the 1950s. This is according to the 2002 state Department of Health report and publicized in the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review in 2005.
[The report summary also shows that the highest rates of dental fluorosis are in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh... both fluoridated since the 1950s.]

Additional documentation

Fluoridation Status of Other Countries

Fluoride News/Updates
For more fluoride news, visit the Fluoride News Tracker or just the Pennsylvania News.

State and Federal Taxpayer Money used to Promote Fluoridation:

Links to online fluoride resources:

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